When Peter and “the other disciple” arrived at the tomb of Jesus on the morning of the resurrection, they “saw and believed” that Jesus had been raised, but did not fully understand the implications of the resurrection of Jesus. John explained, “for as yet they did not understand the Scripture, that he must rise from the dead” (John 20:9). They saw the empty tomb, the “linen cloths” and the “face cloth” and witnessed that the body of Jesus was no longer in the tomb.
It was not until the years following the resurrection that the apostolic band became fully aware of meaning of the death and resurrection of Jesus. The Gospel of John represents the final installment in the understanding given to the disciples by the Holy Spirit on the words and works of Jesus.